Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a commonly occurring problem in many people. This disease can be caused by various factors. This disease as the name indicates is caused because of an obstruction in the airway that leads to the lungs. The obstruction can occur in people who have various triggers that leads to inflammation in the airway. The various triggers and causes may make those suffering from this disease as to what is COPD.
The people who are most commonly affected with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are smokers and also those who work in industries that have various kinds of pollutions that can cause problems in people’s respiration. These industrial particles and also smoke can cause a sudden inflammation in the airway.
The inflammation in the airway can also cause the excess production of mucus. This is because when a person has smoke particles in the airway and the lungs, the cilia in the airway captures the particles by producing excess amount of mucus. This excess amount of mucus is expectorated, but when the mucus amount is too much, then it can get into the lungs and this in turn can cause the alveoli in the lungs to be expanded. When these alveoli get expanded, they start losing their elasticity which will in turn reduce their ability to function and finally lead to decrease in the breathing capacity of the person.
This condition is usually an exacerbation of the bronchitis or emphysema. The diseases that are mentioned above suddenly become worse because of the obstruction in the airway. This causes the person who is suffering from this chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to have difficulty in breathing. This is another sign that the disease is getting worse.
The most common signs of this condition that is seen are wheezing and difficulty in breathing because of the decreased size of the airway. The person suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can also have associated shortness of breath and chest tightness.
The person who is suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should control the inhalation of smoke that will cause the increase in the severity of the disease. The person should even avoid inhaling smoke that is emitted when other people smoke. So a person who avoids active and also passive smoking will have a decreased chance of having an exacerbation of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
A decrease in the weight of the person is also another method of controlling the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as it will decrease the effort the person has to take to breathe.