The spleen is small organ situated at the upper left part of our body. Its primary purpose is to fight bacteria and also to eliminate infections. It also helps creating red blood cells and filtering them for better blood circulation. There’s a layer of tissue surrounding the spleen where arteries and veins enter the spleen. When injured, the spleen bleeds copiously since many arteries and veins are located there. Due to its delicateness, the spleen is the most likely organ to get damaged by strong forces.
A ruptured spleen or splenic rupture is a condition where the spleen cracks open and blood profusely bleeds throughout the abdominal area. The amount of blood loss depends on the size of the rupture and the number of damaged blood vessels. It may be caused by a strong force exerted on your chest (punch, kick fall etc) that could also damage your ribs.
Causes vary from physical injuries to diseases. Diseases increase the risk of having a ruptured spleen. This includes malaria, blood diseases like anemia and some types of lymphoma and mononucleosis. Symptoms of a ruptured spleen include the following:
i) Blurry vision
ii) Paleness due to blood loss.
iv) Chest pain especially on the left part of the abdomen. The pain may start mildly but may get more painful when time goes by without medication.
v) Pain from breathing from possible damage to the lungs.
vi) Nausea and vomiting
In most cases, patients with ruptured spleen experienced low blood pressure and fast heart beat. In this case, it may show the severity of the situation. Some patients see that their abdomen looks bruised in some way or even feels tender. Fortunately, splenic rupture doesn’t have undetectable symptoms so it’s easy to know and identify if your spleen is ruptured. You can test yourself by pressing unto your abdomen. If some areas especially the chest feels hard, there is a great chance that your spleen is ruptured. Nowadays, doctors try to heal the spleen in which in the past, they just remove it from the body. Surgery is therefore a must in this kind of medical condition in order to prevent further life-threatening bleeding due to the rupturing. Blood transfusion may also be necessary if a lot of blood is spilled unto the body. And then again, never ignore the symptoms once you feel it. You never know when chest pains might actually be your deathbed.