In anatomy, a cyst is basically a sac-like formation that normally contains fluid. In this article, we would be discussing cysts as a abnormal sac-like formation. It can form on any part of our body and that includes our skin and the genital areas. It may differ in size. Some cyst can only be seen by a microscope and some are large enough to be mistaken as the liver.
There are a number of causes that contributes to cyst formation. The most common are tumors. Tumors are made of tissues that abnormally grew larger than the average. Infections can also contribute to cysts. Then again, it can also be transferred through genes. Various illnesses that are hereditary in nature may also add to the risk of this kind of medical disorder. In rare cases, there are certain parasites that alter cell activities and therefore posing a threat to cellular functions.
The swelling of the affected are is the most known symptom of having so. There are also instances when these cysts may not cause any pain at all. Cysts on the skin can easily be noticeable either by looking at it or by feeling the skin. If there are lumps there, there’s a chance that it may be a cyst. Breast cysts are often located on the skin and these are often very painful when touched. However, cysts inside the body like in the kidneys and the ovaries may not make any symptoms at all unless the condition is already severe; going to the hospital is the only way for you to detect such. Cysts in the brain may cause several complications depending on its size and location; the larger it is, the more impact it will make to the brain and throughout the entire body. There is a possibility that brain functions can be altered and therefore the over-all condition of the body will deteriorate. The most popular symptom of brain cysts is headache.
Treatment of cysts mostly depends on the size and the location of the cysts. If the cysts are cancerous, surgical methods are the most possible way and radiotherapy may also be an option to kill the cancer cells. These surgical methods may include draining of the fluid inside the cyst or totally removing the cyst inside the body and other affected areas. If left untreated, the cyst may grow larger and surrounding organs and tissues may swell and become pressurized resulting in severe pain.