Leukemia is a type of cancer. It’s a cancer of the blood cells that starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones in human body system. It is the human part where the blood cells are made. Leukemia is deadly and is known as one of the most ferocious killer in the United States and you must know what are the four types of leukemia and causes of it.
The bone marrow makes 3 types of blood cells. The while blood cells that help your body to fight infection, the red blood cells that carry oxygen to all over your body and lastly, platelets that helps the clotting of the blood. A person with leukemia will have their bone marrow producing different type of white blood cells that does not do what the white blood cells does.
The four types of leukemia are:
i) Acute Leukemia, a condition where the leukemia blood cells grow rapidly and will spread to other organs. Children who suffers leukemia usually suffers from this type.
ii) Chronic Leukemia, this is the type of leukemia where the leukemia cells to grow slowly unlike the Acute Leukemia. The doctors usually will take sometime to monitor the condition of the patient before going to the next step which is treating the patient unlike the Acute Leukemia where it has to go for treatment immediately.
iii) Lymphocytic Leukemia, a condition where the growth of leukemia cells takes place in the bone marrow where cells called lymphocytes are formed. The lymphocytes are cells that help in fighting infection.
iv) Myelogenous Leukemia, a condition where the growth of leukemia cells takes place in the bone marrow where the red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are formed.
The common causes of Leukemia are:
i) Exposure to hazardous chemicals. Workers in the chemical manufacturing plant are on the high risk of catching leukemia if the standard procedures are not being followed. For people who are exposed to Benzene in their line of work are in a high-risk.
ii) Suffering from Down syndrome. Chromosomal disorders are caused by the presence of all or part of an extra chromosome. This is usually a situation that happens to the children where they have it since they were born with the disorders.