The pulmonary arteries are located at the lungs area of the human’s body system and are generally known as the lung arteries. The pressures in the pulmonary arteries are significantly lower than the pressures in the blood systemic circulation. Pulmonary hypertension will result in chest pain and it becomes difficult for the heart to pump blood forward through the lungs. You may want to know what are causes of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension usually is the results from constriction of the pulmonary arteries that are suppose to supply blood to the lungs. The stress on the heart leads to enlargement of the right side of the heart and will accumulate fluid in liver as well as other part of the body such as in the legs and arms.
Pulmonary hypertension occurs when abnormally high amount of blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs. It causes the right side of the heart need to work harder than normal. The walls of the pulmonary arteries will become tight and stiff, this situation may cause the forming of blood clots in the arteries.
One of the main causes of pulmonary hypertension is the chronic low blood oxygen level in the body seen in some patients or other chronic lung disease. Pulmonary hypertension can also be caused by other illness as the side effect of the sickness. However, when pulmonary hypertension occurs but is not caused by other heart and lung disease, it is known as the primary pulmonary hypertension. The primary pulmonary hypertension is a condition, where it is commonly diagnosed in younger people and it affect more females than males.
There are some drugs that are known cause pulmonary hypertension. Under some studies of the anti obesity drugs such as Redux and Fen or Phen are known to cause pulmonary hypertension and these medication has been removed from the market. Some illegal drugs such as cocaine, methamphetamines and ecstasy are known to cause severe pulmonary hypertension to the drug user, which usually will have a fatal result.
There are other conditions that can cause pulmonary hypertension as the side effects to the body. Conditions such as dematomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis and some severe liver disease.