High blood pressure is one of the most common diseases suffered around the world. In the United States alone, one out of every three Americans are suffering from high blood pressure and most of them, does not know that they are suffering from high blood pressure. Since it is such a common disease you may want to know what are the causes of high blood pressure. There are two types of high blood pressure, the essential high blood pressure as well as secondary high blood pressure. The secondary high blood pressure is usually caused by some sickness in the body such as kidney disease or due to some prescribed medicine that the patient is taking.
One of the most common causes of high blood pressure would be your age, as your body system aged, it will become weaker and prone to other sickness with high blood pressure being one of them. If your close family members are diagnosed with high blood pressure, your chances of developing it are higher than other people. This is because the genetic differences in human body cells system will increase the risk of high blood pressure.
Temperature also plays an important factor. The latest study, which monitors 8000 participants over the age of 65 found that blood pressure values differed significantly across the four season of the year according to the outdoor temperature. The blood pressure was found to be lower when the temperature is higher and the blood pressure rose significantly when the temperature drops.
High blood pressure also known to attack more people with African and South Asian ancestry, due to the temperature of the place where their ancestors are from. Overweight also causes high blood pressure, overweight in this context means having extra body weight from muscle, bone, fat or water. While obesity means having a high amount of extra body fat. However, both overweight and obese people are known to develop high blood pressure compared to people who have normal weight.
Smoking and the habit of high alcohol consumptions will cause high blood pressure because both smoking and alcohol reduces oxygen in the blood causing the heart to pump faster in order to feed the body’s needs with oxygen. This will end up causing an increase in blood pressure.