Spleen is a small organ located below the rib cage on the left side of the body. A healthy spleen is usually a size of a fist. It is an organ that works as a drainage network and defends your body against infection. If a spleen is enlarged, it is not always a sign of a problem but what are the causes of an enlarged spleen? Enlarged spleen sometimes means that the spleen is over reactive in removing and destroying blood cells. This usually happen for many reasons.
Enlarged spleen does not have any symptoms. It is usually discovered during a physical exam. If you are diagnosed with an enlarged spleen, you will have to go through imaging and blood test in order to determine the cause of the enlarged spleen. The treatment for an enlarged spleen depends on the condition of the spleen. If the condition is bad, surgical removal may be required. However, prevention is always better than cure and if you are able to find out about what are the causes of an enlarged spleen, you may be able to prevent it.
One of the least dangerous causes of an enlarged spleen is trauma that is picked up during sports. If you are very active in physically engage sport like football, rugby and ice hockey, you tend to receive a knock in the game from your opponent. Sometimes if the knock is hard enough and hit around your rib cage area and unluckily to hit your spleen, it will cause the area to swell up. The swelling will cause an enlarged spleen and it will eventually go away after a days.
Infection is one of the causes of an enlarged spleen, a viral infection such as mononucleosis, which cause sore throat, fever and fatigue. This infection will cause the spleen to enlarge because the spleen to work extra in order to remove and destroy the infected bacteria cells.
The worse cause of an enlarged spleen is cancer. If the cancerous cells has spread and reached the spleen, it will cause the spleen to enlarge because the spleen will try to destroy the cancer cells but more often than not, the cancer cells will always prevail and will infect the spleen as well causing the spleen to become weak. The cancer cells will then use the spleen to spread it’s cells.